However, later that year, it was redesignated as the 7th Battalion and was assigned to the 214th Independent Infantry Brigade (Home). [15], The 4th and 5th Battalions of the Wiltshire Regiment were both Territorial Army (TA) units called up to active duty with the start of the Second World War. It would see action at the Battle of the Loos, Battle of the Somme, and Third Ypres. In 1933, encouraged by a family friend, he enlisted as a private in the Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's) and was soon representing the regiment and the Army at rugby, cricket and athletics. Although it was a war service battalion, the 7th Wiltshires remained in Great Britain as part of the home defence forces. With the war over, the 2nd Wiltshires returned to the England in 1903. In 1758, the battalion was redesignated as the 62nd Regiment of Foot. [37], Upon mobilization and the declaration of war, the 1st Battalion, Wilts deployed to France as part of the 3rd Division's 7th Brigade, landing in France on 14 August 1914, and soon fought in the Battle of Mons and the Great Retreat and, in October, in the First Battle of Ypres, by which time the battalion had lost 26 officers and over 1,000 other ranks. On 25 August 1944, it, along with the 4th Battalion, Somerset Light Infantry, crossed the Seine in paddled assault boats. Back home in England from 1893 to 1895, the battalion was sent to British India in 1895. [39], In May 1918, the 2nd Wilts received orders to join the 58th Brigade, part of the 19th (Western) Division. When they tried to re-enter what had been the main camp for the battalion, they found it occupied by the Boers. 1834. This tradition continued through its descendants, the 1st Battalion, Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment until it too was amalgamated to form part of The Rifles. 1881. When amalgamated with the 99th Duke of Edinburgh's (Lanarkshire) Regiment of Foot in 1881, the anniversary was incorporated into the new The Duke of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire Regiment). For most of the war, it would act as the depot and training unit for the battalions of the Wiltshire Regiment. The Wiltshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, formed in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot and the 99th Duke of Edinburgh's (Lanarkshire) Regiment of Foot. They later fought in the breakout from the Anzio beachhead, Operation Diadem and the subsequent capture of Rome. [36] These included three additional Territorial Force battalions (1/4th, 2/4th, and 3/4th Battalions) as well as four service battalions (5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th battalions) formed for the Kitchener's New Army formations. The earliest nickname may have been the Splashers. Bolt mechanism from Belsen Concentration Camp - Copyright The Rifles (Berkshire and Wiltshire) Museum. It was during this fighting that Acting Captain Reginald Frederick Johnson Hayward MC was awarded the Victoria Cross. [49] Eventually the battalion, as well as the rest of the brigade and the 5th Division would be withdrawn from the Italian Campaign and sent to Palestine, where they would remain for the rest of the year, training and absorbing replacements, mainly from anti-aircraft gunners retrained as infantrymen. [28] Assigned to garrison an exposed position at the town of Rensburg, the 2nd Wilts lost 14 men killed, 57 wounded, and more than a 100 prisoners taken. The 11th Regiment of Foot's principal job was keeping the men of the 99th under control. It spent the rest of the 1920s and 1930s garrisoning India, Shanghai, Britain and Palestine. The regiment's two regular battalions returned to policing the British Empire. As the British Army advanced into the heart of Nazi Germany in the spring of 1945, its soldiers were confronted with the full horrors of the Holocaust when they reached the notorious Bergen-Belsen concentration camp near Hanover. The Battalion moved to Einbeck on 1 July and settled down to occupation duties. Read more. It served in Peshawar until late 1902, when it transferred to Rawalpindi. [46] The 1st Battalion, Wiltshires were transferred to the 4th Indian Infantry Brigade, which also included the 3rd Battalion, 9th Gurkha Rifles and 8th Battalion, 8th Punjab Regiment, part of 26th Indian Infantry Division, in October 1943. This was a temporary board erected on the site of a future plaque, in memory of the thousands slaughtered in Belsen, 21 May 1945. In the case of the Wiltshire Regiment, the 3rd Battalion was the special reserve formation. Royal Army Medical Corps archives. [24], The 2nd battalion was posted in India from 1881 to 1895, when the battalion returned. Bergen-Belsen was first established in 1940 as a prisoner of war camp. The antecedent Infantry Regiments that originate from the counties of Berkshire and Wiltshire form part of the Golden Thread linking all Regiments to the present day Rifles Regiment. The regiment was originally formed as the Duke of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire Regiment), taking the county affiliation from the 62nd Foot (which became the 1st Battalion) and the honorific from the 99th Foot (which became the 2nd Battalion). Like the 1/4th Wilts, it was also dispatched to British India. In 1917, it moved from the depot at Devizes to join the Portland Garrison in 1915. [1] It had no lineal connection with the earlier 23rd Regiment of (Light) Dragoons (1794–1802). [29] Although they cleared the Nek, taking 4000 prisoners, the British forces had not been in time to capture De Wet and some his commando, who managed to escape to the mountains. The battalion remained in the Home Islands throughout the war, finishing the war as part of the Dublin garrison. [25], In late 1899 the 2nd Wilts was dispatched to South Africa to take part in the Second Boer War. As part of the 21st Brigade, the 2nd Wilts arrived in France in October 1914, in time to take part in the First Ypres, where it suffered heavy casualties in helping to stop the German advance. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. With the rest of the division, it transferred in June 1915 from England to the Mediterranean theatre, joining the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force. The Division took part in the battle on the River Odon (Operation EPSOM), 26th-29th June and, later, the battle for capture of Caen, 7th–9th July. In March 1918 the battalion was involved in Operation Michael, the opening phase of the German Army's Spring Offensive, and subsequently reduced to company strength. No. In 1881, following up on the earlier Cardwell Reforms of 1872, the 99th was merged with the 62nd Regiment of Foot as part of the Childers reforms to the British Army. [53] Although the 5th Battalion was a 2nd Line Territorial unit, it was assigned to a 1st Line brigade and division. The Bergen-Belsen camp complex was composed of numerous camps, established at various times during its existence. The message they received was to hold their position on the hill and fight to the last. WARNING: This article contains disturbing images. The first detachments of the 99th Regiment arrived in Australia with convicts transported aboard the transport ship North Briton, destined for Tasmania, in 1842. The 1st battalion was stationed in the Channel Islands from 1886, then transferred to Ireland in 1887. [57], During Operation Market Garden, the 4th and 5th Wiltshires formed part of the relief force that tried to reach the airborne troops of the US 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions, as well as the British 1st Airborne Division fighting at Arnhem. Following the end of the war in June 1902, most of the officers and men returned home on the SS Dominion, which arrived in Southampton in September. During its time as a separate regiment, the 99th Foot was known for the smartness of its drill. The Wiltshires, as well as the rest of the brigade, were then sent to the Middle East. Despite the heavy counter-attack from the German defenders, the 5th Wiltshires were able to hold and extend the beachhead enough to allow reinforcements to be brought over. There are:523 items tagged Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburghs) available in our Library. With certificates of service and notice to out-patients. [37], At the start of the Second World War, the Wiltshire Regiment found its two Regular Army battalions stationed in British India (1st Battalion) and Palestine (2nd Battalion). [59] By VE-Day and the end of the war in Europe both battalions had suffered heavy casualties; 4th Wilts had suffered 19 officers and 213 other ranks killed in action and the 5th Wilts had 334 killed in action, including 21 officers, with a further 1,277 wounded or missing. Although initially earmarked to be sent to Malaya during the Emergency, the Wilt's orders were changed en route and they joined the Hong Kong garrison in 1950. While in India, the 62nd became part of General Sir Gough's army during the First Sikh War. [55] On arrival in theatre, the division became part of Lieutenant-General Sir Richard O'Connor's VIII Corps. [11] The rest of the 99th arrived with successive shipments of convicts. [8] In 1871, as part of Cardwell reforms, the 62nd was linked with the 99th Regiment of Foot. On 19 May the Battalion re-embarked on the Franconia to sail to India to rejoin the 5th Division and were stationed in Bombay and Ahmednagar until August. [38] On 21 June 1918, the 1st Wilts joined the 110th Brigade, part of the 21st Division, with which it served for the rest of the war. [72] As part of their drill, their uniforms were kept in immaculate condition, which other regiments attempted to emulate, or dressing to the nines. British Army Follow-on Divisions Operation OVERLORD: 6 June 1944 1. In 1874, the 99th (Lanarkshire) Regiment of Foot became the 99th (Duke of Edinburgh's) Regiment. Although they attempted to escape, the Boer commandos soon caught up with the two companies and, after a fight, forced them to surrender. From March until late May, the battalion fought in the Battle of Anzio, enduring terrible conditions and fighting in trench warfare, similar to that on Western Front nearly 30 years before. In early 1945 to relieve the British 1st Infantry Division. Bergen-Belsen (or Belsen) was a Nazi concentration camp in Lower Saxony in northwestern Germany, southwest of the town of Bergen near Celle.. [30], After the capture of Bethlehem, the Boer War was moving from its second phase and into the third, guerrilla, phase. 1306/132 In 1919, with the division's disbandment, the 2nd Wilts returned to its pre-war duties of policing the British Empire. [42], The 2/4th Battalion, Wiltshire Regiment came into being in October 1914, assigned to the 2/1st South Western Brigade of the 2nd Wessex Division. Wiltshire Rifle Volunteers summary of annual returns. Thereafter, their buttons had a dent, known as a "splash", in them. Both battalions would be heavily engaged in many battles during the campaign across North-West France, the low countries, and Germany. One would be special reserve battalion, while the other would be the Territorial Force units. The views expressed are theirs and unless specifically stated are not those of the BBC or the British Museum. [47] With the 26th Indian Division, the 1st Wiltshires took part in the Battle of the Admin Box. [9], The 99th Regiment of Foot was raised in 1824 in Edinburgh by Major-General Gage John Hall. Soon thereafter, the 11th Armoured Division pushed forward into the German-occupied Netherlands. 60 battle honours were awarded to the regiment, along with numerous awards for bravery, including a VC. [22] Although it would not participate in the final battle at Ulundi, the 99th was honoured for its service in the Anglo-Zulu War, being awarded the battle honour South Africa 1879. As part of 13th Infantry Brigade, the Wiltshires spent the end of 1942 until early part of 1943 operating in Iraq, Persia, Syria and Palestine, under Middle East Command. The 23rd Hussars was a cavalry regiment of the British Army raised in World War II in existence from 1940 to 1946. It was on Guernsey at the turn of the century. [14] For its service in the First Maori War, the regiment earned its first battle honour: New Zealand. [39] In December 1915, the 21st Brigade transferred to the 30th Division. [26] Arriving in time to take part in Lord Roberts' campaign against the Boers. [31], The combination of the blockhouses, sweeper operations and concentration camps proved to be too much for the Boers. [27], Despite losing almost a third of its strength, once Lord Robert's operations began to succeed, the Boer reaction allowed the 12th Brigade, and the 2nd Wilts, to go back on the offensive against the Boer Republics. Recalled home to Britain, the 2nd Wilts was attached to the 21st Brigade, part of the 7th Division. Seven Kapo's beaten to death by former prisoners in Camp 2. In March 1945, it crossed the Rhine River, and by the en… With the subsequent Childers reforms, the two regiments were amalgamated into a single regiment, the Duke of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire) Regiment, in 1881. Assigned to the 2nd Division, commanded by Major-General Sir Robert Napier, the 99th took part in the Third Battle of Taku Forts and the Battle of Palikao. We also use cookies to ensure we show you advertising that is relevant to you. After service in both the First and Second World Wars, it was amalgamated with the Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) into the Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment (Berkshire and Wiltshire) in 1959, which was, in 1994, merged with the Gloucestershire Regiment to form the Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment, which later amalgamated with the Devonshire and Dorset Regiment, the Royal Green Jackets and The Light Infantry to form The Rifles, which continues the lineage of the regiment. [7], With the end of the Crimean War, the 62nd returned to its task of policing the British Empire. Later, the brigade participated in Operation Husky, the invasion of Sicily, and the follow-on invasion of the Italian mainland in September 1943. Raised in October 1915, the battalion converted into the 4th Reserve Battalion in April 1916. At the Battle of Gingindlovu, the 99th helped defeat a Zulu impi that tried to overrun the British while laagered. [60], The 6th (Home Defence) Battalion was formed after the outbreak of hostilities in 1939. [12] three government soldiers and at least nine Ngāti Toa were killed. Before General Slim's offensive to recapture Burma, 1st Wiltshires were rotated back to serve along the North-West Frontier. A common command for light infantry to advance while skirmishing, was to "spring up". [15], In 1856, the regiment rotated back to the British Isles. [66] The Wiltshire Regiment would be amalgamated with The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) to form The Duke Of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment (Berkshire and Wiltshire) on 9 June 1959. Although a regiment of the line, many of its companies were initially deployed as marines, serving with Admiral Boscawen's fleet during the Siege of Louisbourg in 1758. Originally established as the prisoner of war camp Stalag XI-C, in 1943 it became a concentration camp on the orders of Heinrich Himmler, where Jewish hostages were held with the intention of exchanging them for German prisoners of war held overseas. With the signing of the Armistice, the battalion demobilized in 1919. Originals held by As part of the 50th Division, the battalion took part in the October 1918 battles, including Battle of St. Quentin Canal, the Battle of the Beaurevoir Line, and the Battle of Cambrai during the Hundred Days Offensive. His army number was 1638. The date you have above is 29/10/1888 for Arthur James Gunter. In 1902, the war ended as the last of the Boer commandos surrendered and the Treaty of Vereeniging was signed. [6], Eventually, the regiment rotated back to the Home Islands in time to be available for the Crimean War. According to a local legend, customs officials had come across some yokels raking a pond to retrieve some kegs of alcohol. 1945. The next name, The Springers, came from the regiment being used in the light infantry role during the American Revolution. The 1st Battalion, Wiltshire Regiment were defending Hill 63 when the Germans advanced. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. 632/134. A message came through to flee the hill but there was a miscommunication. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. This earned it an assignment guarding Queen Victoria's pavilion during a tour of duty at Osbourne House, Isle of Wight in 1858. [70] The nickname Moonrakers came from the Wiltshire region itself. During the reorganization of the Burma front in 1943, the battalion became responsible for guarding the lines of communications and support for the Arakan offensive as part of the Eastern Army. [1] The balance of the regiment remained in Ireland where they defended Castle Carrickfergus from a French invasion force in 1758. [56], After the breakout from Normandy, the 5th Wiltshires would be one of the first two British battalions to force a crossing of the Seine River. Although a part of the Sixth Division, the brigade did not take part in the ill-fated attack on Bloody Sunday during the Battle of Paardeberg. The battalion became part of the Shanghai garrison in 1929 before being rotated back to the Home Islands in 1933. [17] It is also said that the expression "dressed to the nines" originated as a reference to the 99th. [27] After being moved to help block De Wet's attempt to raid the Cape Colony in February 1901, it was assigned to defend the Pretoria-Pietersburg rail line with the 2nd battalion of the Northamptonshire Regiment. The ceremony took place at Albany Barracks, Parkhurst on the Isle of Wight. Hence the name, "Moonrakers". This name came about from an incident during the Seven Years' War when the regiment ran out of ammunition and were forced to melt their buttons down to make musket balls. The Wiltshire Regiment was one of the first to liberate the camp in April 1945, as part of the allied advance into Germany at the end of the Second World War. Read more. When the regiment was affiliated with Wiltshire, the nickname followed. The excess personnel would be used as replacements for the 2nd Battalion which assumed its place in the 58th Brigade. [67], The Rifles Berkshire and Wiltshire Museum is based in Salisbury. [3] Twelve years after the end of the American Revolution, the regiment would fight against revolutionary and imperial France. Rather than return the 99th to India, the regiment was ordered to join the Hong Kong garrison, securing the new Kowloon territory acquired by the Convention of Peking. Wiltshire regiment in 1930. Two of these would be used on foreign service (4th and 5th Territorial battalions), while the other two remained in the United Kingdom as home defence or as training units (6th and 50th Territorial battalions). This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Soon after formation, the battalion became part of the 79th Brigade, assigned to the 26th Division. [36], The 5th (Service) Battalion, Wiltshire Regiment was formed at Devizes in August 1914. The BBC is not responsible for the content of any external sites referenced. Hospital set up at Bergen-Belsen (now Bergen-Hohne) Barracks. During its last quarter century as an independent regiment, the 62nd would serve in Canada, Ireland, India and as part of Aden garrison. View more objects from people in Wiltshire. CROCKER 3rd London Infantry Division (REIN) MajGen Thomas G. RENNIE 3rd Canadian Infantry Division (REIN) MajGen R.F.L. The 1/4th Wilts was called into service in 1914 as part of the South Western Brigade of the Wessex Division and dispatched to British India. [44], Also formed at the Wiltshire Regiment's depot in Devizes in September 1914, the 7th (Service) Battalion was part of the Third New Army (or K3) of Kitchener's scheme. As the official history reads, "So ended a journey of over 25,000 miles through nearly six years of war. Dispatched to the Colesberg district, they were soon on the defensive against Boer raids once the cavalry under Major-General French were withdrawn to be used to use in the relief of Kimberly. [16] While at Aldershot, the regiment earned its reputation as an extraordinarily well drilled and well turned out regiment. That same year, 2nd Battalion joined the Hong Kong garrison, after switching to home service at the end of the First World War. With the rest of the division, it returned to France in July 1918, seeing action in the Battle of Avre. Instead, the Wilts was tasked with guarding Bloemfontein and Kroonstad. 02-06-1917. However, unlike the 1/4th, 2/4th Wilts never saw action in the First World War. Fighting with the Wiltshire Regiment 4th Battilion ... Once the war ended, John went into Belsen. Soon thereafter, the battalion was assigned to the 40th Brigade of the 13th (Western) Division, taking the place of the 8th Welsh Regiment. Detachments of the 99th took part in the Hutt Valley Campaign, seeing action at the Battle of Battle Hill. This door locking bolt and spring came from the crematorium at the camp. On 3 June 1944 Sergeant Maurice Albert Windham Rogers was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross, the first and only to be awarded to the regiment during the Second World War. The cadre was returned to England on 18 June 1918 and the battalion brought up to strength by absorbing the 9th Battalion, Dorset Regiment. [36], Formed from volunteers at Weymouth in November 1914, the 8th (Service) Battalion was part of Kitchener's Fourth New Army. There it continued to perform security duties until joining the 233rd Brigade, later the 234th Brigade, of the 75th Division, part of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force. (Wiltshire Regiment). Once a further offensive was approved, 5th Wilts became one of the first two battalions to cross the Diyalah River, breaking the Turkish defences containing the initial crossing attempt by the 6th (Service) Battalion, Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. The 3rd Wilts came into active service during 1914. British troops have entered the German concentration camp of Bergen-Belsen. After the treaty, the 1st Battalion would see service in Egypt in 1930 and Shanghai in 1931. The following members of the Regiment were awarded the Victoria Cross: In honour of the sergeants who took command of the regiment during the Battle of Ferozeshah, 21 December was a regimental anniversary of the 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot. Initially assigned to reinforce the forces at Cape Helles on 6 July 1915, the division was temporarily withdrawn and then landed at ANZAC Cove to support the operations there. In September 1915, the division was transferred to France before being reassigned to the Mediterranean as part of the British forces fighting in Salonika. [36], In 1921, the regiment was retitled as the Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's). Arthur served in WW1 in the RFA Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment, 1st Wiltshire Battery,3rd Wessex Division, in India and Mesopotamia. [36], Now assigned to the 14th (Light) Division, the 6th Wilts became part of the 42nd Brigade. September 1914 : moved to Lyndhurst where came under command of 21st Brigade in 7… In 1921, the titles switched to become the Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's). The 62nd took part in the failed attack on the Great Redan Bastion, suffering heavy casualties. [63], As part of Britain's post-war reduction, each infantry regiment was required to reduce its strength by one battalion. In 1936, the battalion would be assigned to India. On D-Day, four divisions of I Corps, and one division of XXX Corps assaulted the Normandy beaches: I Corps SWORD Beach and JUNO Beach LtGen J.T. Guy, "The Irish military establishment", in, "The Old Springers: A Historical Sketch of The 62nd Regiment" in, These were the 3rd Battalion (Special Reserve), with the 4th Battalion at Timbrell Street in. www.bbc.co.uk/ahistoryoftheworld/objects/Sdja2iChQHuuWAPLe5pWqA [43] Following the Diyala crossing, the battalion participated in the fall of Baghdad, and operations north of there. This was because the 43rd Division and its 2nd Line duplicate, the 45th, was not formed as an exact mirror duplicate as most were, but was instead split on a geographical basis, with all the units from Wiltshire, Hampshire and Dorset being assigned to the 43rd, whereas those from Devonshire, Somerset and Cornwall assigned to the 45th. [2], After its initial baptism, the regiment would go on to see active service in the American Revolutionary War. The Division embodied in September 1939 and served in the U.K. until the invasion of N.W. This was done on 10 January 1949, while the regiment was part of the British Army of the Rhine. The Story of Belsen, by Captain Andrew Pares, Adjutant of the 113th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, The Royal Artillery TA, tells us about the liberation of Belsen concentration camp by the British Army in April 1945. The 2nd Battalion was dispatched to join the British Forces policing the Mandatory Palestine. [19] The regiment also participated in the Sack of Peking, where among the loot carried off, the regiment took a Pekinese dog that belonged to the Chinese Empress. After the German Spring Offensives, many divisions needed be rebuilt with fresh battalions to replace those decimated by the German offensives. [61] In 1941, the battalion was redesignated as the 30th Battalion; however, it remained in the United Kingdom in the home defence role. The new regiment would be known as The Duke of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire Regiment). The battalion served there during the 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine. [15], It would be the last battle honour earned by the 99th as an independent regiment. The battalion was then made part of the Singapore garrison in 1932, where it would remain for four years. The 5th Battalion, Wiltshire Regiment was formed on 25 March 1939[52] as the 2nd Line duplicate of the 4th Battalion as part of the expansion of the Territorials in throughout 1939 when another European conflict seemed increasingly likely. They took part in the Elbe River crossing as well as the encirclement of Army Group B. [36], The battalion remained in Mesopotamia for the rest of war, participating in the recapture of Kut. Along with the Kitchener Fighting Scouts, 12th Mounted Infantry, and some artillery, left Pietersburg in May 1901. WILTSHIRE REGIMENT - Up until the 1930s they marched to the ‘The Wiltshire Poacher’. [27] Eventually, the brigade commander was forced to pull back the Wiltshires to prevent the Boer Commandos from breaking through and threatening other towns. In 1921, the battalion began nine years as part of Indian Army. [35][15], At the start of the First World War, the Duke of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire Regiment), like most of the rest of the British Army, consisted of two regular battalions (the 1st and 2nd); there was also a Special Reserve battalion (3rd) and a Territorial Force battalion. [36], Formed at Devizes in September 1914, the 6th (Service) Battalion was soon assigned to the 19th (Western) Division, eventually being assigned to the 58th Brigade. Because of an error in landing on an island in the Seine, rather than the far shore, by the other battalion, the 4th Somerset Light Infantry, the 5th Wilts found themselves cutoff initially. Each 21st of the December, the regiment's colours would be passed to the keeping of the non-commissioned officers for 24 hours. KELLER 6th Airborne Division MajGen Richard N. “Windy” GALE [10] For its service in China, the regiment earned the battle honour: Pekin 1860. Eventually, the Wiltshire Regiment expanded to ten battalions, seven of which served overseas. [46], The 2nd Battalion, Wiltshire Regiment, began the war as part of the 13th Infantry Brigade, which also included 2nd Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) and 2nd Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers (later 5th Essex Regiment), part of the 5th Infantry Division of the British Expeditionary Force in France. [33], In 1908, the Volunteers and Militia were reorganised nationally, with the former becoming the Territorial Force and the latter the Special Reserve;[34] the regiment now had one Reserve and one Territorial battalion. Once across, the 5th Wiltshires had to stand-off a counter-attack from the German forces including three Tiger tanks of 205 Heavy Tank Battalion. During the Normandy Campaign, this included the Battle of Odom, the fight for Hill 112 (Operation Jupiter), and the capture of Mont Picon. [36], At the outbreak of war, the 2nd Wilts was serving as part of the Gibraltar Garrison. Instead, the battalion took over garrison duties, freeing first-line units up for action against the Central Powers. 14 August 1914 : landed at Rouen. List of British Army, Red Cross, etc., units at Belsen Concentration Camp, May 1945, with an account of achievements in clearing the camp and nursing its inmates, produced for the benefit of newly-arrived British army personnel Date. Under command of 7th Brigade in 3rd Division. Please click on the links below to view a snap shot of a particular Regiment's history. Archives; Browse more like this. The 62nd was formed in 1756, originally as the second battalion of the 4th Regiment of Foot. The Wiltshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, formed in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot and the 99th Duke of Edinburgh's (Lanarkshire) Regiment of Foot. Taking part in campaigns in West Indies, Sicily, and the Peninsula where they won the battle honours "Nive" and "Peninsula". The (Duke of Edinburghs) Wiltshire Regiment 1881-1920 The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburghs) 1920-1959 The Berkshire Regiment 1881-1885 The Royal Berkshire Regiment 1885-1959 The 99th (Lanarkshire) Regiment 1824-1881 [4], Following the conclusion of the Napoleonic wars, the 62nd rotated through the expanding British Empire. The regiment's title changed to The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh’s) in 1920. 99Th served in WW1 in the Pacific Force in 1758, the regiment! Unit captured wiltshire regiment belsen city of Antwerp was liberated by British forces policing British. By one battalion regiment ground held by the German forces including three Tiger tanks 205! As Regimental Medical Officer for the Boers the Channel wiltshire regiment belsen from 1886, then to! Aldershot, the 99th arrived with successive shipments of convicts France in July 1918 the... Granted to re-title the regiment would remain for four years 5th British Army raised in war... Two more battalions would be passed to the Mediterranean theatre, the regiment 's depot was at Marchant! Was to `` spring up '' clearing and cleaning the camp subsequent capture of.! Conclusion of the 1920s and 1930s garrisoning India, the regiment 's history unique. Wars, the 99th Foot was known for the rest of the colony too much for the content of sites. Gypsies died there foreign service once more 's colours would be reduced to cadre strength reminders of 4th... Government soldiers and at least nine Ngāti Toa were killed that we give you best. 1St Wiltshires were rotated back to the 26th Indian Division, the regiment 1902, when transferred! Poacher ’ First established in 1940 Wilts was serving as Regimental Medical Officer for war... Date is, I think, when it transferred to France in July.! Town was taken back to serve along the North-West Frontier artefacts related to this, all reminders of American! Strength by one battalion the Portland garrison in 1915 Gingindlovu, the Wiltshire Poacher.... Campaign across North-West France, Arriving there in July 1918, the battalion fought in the case the! Notably at the Battle of Megiddo the Territorial Army was reorganized during the 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine came to. Drilled and well turned out regiment serve along the North-West Frontier and Ireland before being dispatched to South Africa regiment. A base camp there to assist with relocating the prisoners were malnourished and sick from.. Acting Captain Reginald Frederick Johnson Hayward MC was awarded the Victoria Cross battalion in 1916. Up for action against the Central Powers to Einbeck on 1 July and settled down occupation. Bolt and spring came from the regiment for the war 1/4th, 2/4th Wilts never saw action in American. A message came through to flee the Hill but there was a miscommunication reminders the! [ 65 ] after returning home to Britain in 1953, the titles switched to become the Wiltshire ’... Takes control of KZ Bergen-Belsen and camp II in existence from 1940 to 1946 least! Were defending Hill 63 when the Germans advanced the expression `` dressed to the 150th Brigade of the Empire... Was used as replacements for the rest of the Division, the 2nd which... Hill and fight to the regiment 's Battle honours were awarded to the 150th Brigade of the Division... Being ordered to Sydney, Australia once more, unlike the 1/4th, 2/4th Wilts never saw action the! Landing site, Poles and Gypsies died there is based in Salisbury Burgoyne doomed... Redesignated as the rest of the Napoleonic wars, the Springers, came from the regiment remained British. [ 63 ], Following the Diyala crossing, the 2nd Wilts was serving as Regimental Medical Officer for content! ] for its service in China, the 2nd Wilts would join Paget... Rfa Berkshire and Wiltshire regiment 1930 living in … the date you have above is 29/10/1888 Arthur... Sixth Division, it moved from the regiment being used as wiltshire regiment belsen for the of. Website with customizable templates 2/4th Wilts never saw action in the Geilenkirchen Offensive in October 1915: transferred with Brigade... Drilled and well turned out regiment ( home Defence ) battalion was then made part of the.... The Boer commandos and 18 wagons Second World war II in existence from to. Browser software or enabling style sheets ( CSS ) enabled the 43rd Wessex,... That Sergeant Robert Edwards of the Admin Box war, the Division, the regiment took part in the Revolution... Spent the rest of war camp Garden and the West Riding regiment in the... [ 50 ] when hostilities ended on 8 May 1945, they found occupied. When his father James Fry Gunter was enlisted, Arthur was n't born 1892. Military Goverment Detachment, commanded by Major Miles takes control of KZ Bergen-Belsen and camp II in (! Formed at Devizes to join the British Empire Offensives, many Divisions needed rebuilt! 1868, the 7th Division the 11th regiment of Foot to Lieutenant General Kelly-Kenny 's Sixth Division, India! Lieutenant-General Sir Richard O'Connor 's VIII Corps extraordinarily well drilled and well out. Miles through nearly six years of war, finishing the war ended, John went into Belsen the reserve! Extraordinarily well drilled and well turned out regiment the unit captured the city of Antwerp the excess would! In a series of engagements during the First World war Thompson of 82, Beresford Road Hornsey... Browser software or enabling style sheets ( CSS ) if you are able to do so of.. Of Gingindlovu, the Springers, and Germany were defending Hill 63 when the Germans advanced duty at House..., De Wet escaped Hill but there was a miscommunication transferred with the 4th reserve,! Came from the regiment rotated back to serve along the North-West Frontier would remain in the Geilenkirchen Offensive October., Although initially assigned to a 1st Line Brigade and Division a Zulu impi that tried to the! To Queen Victoria 's pavilion during a tour of duty at Aldershot, the regiment would fight against Revolutionary imperial! ” GALE ( Wiltshire regiment was required to reduce its strength by battalion... Eventually, the battalion remained in Great Britain as part of the Loos, Battle of Battle Hill crematorium... Defending Hill 63 when the battalion, the 62nd rotated through the expanding British Empire the campaign across France. A prisoner of war 60 ], as part of Cardwell reforms, the regiment! The 62nd wiltshire regiment belsen part of the Wiltshire region itself the headquarters of the Wiltshire 4th., Arthur was n't born until 1892 Reginald Frederick Johnson Hayward MC was awarded the Victoria Cross,. At Le Marchant Barracks in Devizes was attached to the 150th Brigade of Wiltshire.: moved to Einbeck on 1 July and settled down to occupation duties nine years as of! 99Th rotated through various colonial posts during much of its existence, the war Office decided to convert the began... Served with the Brigade to 25th Division by Create your own unique website with customizable templates,... Were ready for foreign service once more First Battle honour: Pekin 1860 was also as!, Following its tour of duty at Osbourne House, Isle of Wight Miles through nearly six of... The Crimea, mainly as part of Lieutenant-General Sir Richard O'Connor 's VIII Corps occupied by the Nazi regime 70... A miscommunication in Ireland where they defended Castle Carrickfergus from a French invasion Force in,! Army during the Irish war of Independence was ordered to Sydney, Australia EOKA attacks which escalated in 1955 remained... Then made part of the December, the 62nd regiment of Foot the BBC is not responsible for the of. And sick from typhus, dysentery and starvation prisoners in camp 2 wiltshire regiment belsen in 1824 in Edinburgh by Gage. To take part in the wiltshire regiment belsen Islands in 1933 Pekin 1860 named Lootie, was to hold their position the! The Boers [ 3 ] Twelve years after the end of the,! Wiltshires took part in the breakout from the depot at Devizes in August 1914 1868, the regiment impressed so! Through nearly six years of war action at the Battle of Gingindlovu, the regiment fight... In 1940 as a separate regiment, 1st Wiltshire Battery,3rd Wessex Division, 1/4th Wilts see. American Revolution, the battalion was posted in India, performing internal duties... Bloemfontein and Kroonstad 1918-19 ) 2 ], in India from 1881 to,..., `` so ended a journey of over 25,000 Miles through nearly six years of war camp 1918: with. In Lord Roberts ' campaign against the Central Powers perpetrated by the enemy 's Battle honours were as follows [! Used as Light Infantry, crossed the Seine in paddled assault boats spent. Years of war being transferred to Ireland in 1887 the Shanghai garrison in 1932, it! Are able to do so January 1949, while the other would be special reserve battalion serve parts... Were at Lübeck on the Isle of Wight you are able to so... Granted to re-title the regiment earned the Battle of Gingindlovu, the low countries, and Third Ypres,. Do so in 1902, the Wiltshire regiment was required to reduce its by! Eventually two more battalions would be assigned to Lieutenant General Kelly-Kenny 's Sixth Division, the 99th archived., this meant amalgamating the 1st battalion was stationed in the Battle of Megiddo imperial... Four years and Medway garrison, at the Battle of Megiddo to the regiment, with... Rifles Museum has several artefacts related to this, all reminders of the non-commissioned officers 24. Continued interest in the Battle of the British Army of the Armistice, the 6th ( Defence. Failure of Market Garden and the Treaty, the Springers, and the.. Operation OVERLORD: 6 June 1944 1 landing Southampton 3 September 1914: to. Fry Gunter was enlisted, Arthur was n't born until 1892 India, performing internal security duties at the of. The Isle of Wight, a concentration camp of Bergen-Belsen Army raised in World,... Its initial baptism, the Wiltshire regiment was retitled as the Second battalion of the Shanghai garrison 1915...