In 1939, along with St Francis of Assisi, St Catherine of Siena was proclaimed patron saint of Italy by Pope Pius XII. US Patriot. Among her many trips, she also left for Avignon to meet Gregory XI (1330–1378), who, persuaded by Catherine, returned to the city of St. Peter on January 17, 1377. She took Bl. She died at … Orange Park, FL See Details. St. Catherine of Siena, original name Caterina Benincasa, (born March 25, 1347, Siena, Tuscany [Italy]—died April 29, 1380, Rome; canonized 1461; feast day April 29), Dominican tertiary, mystic, and one of the patron saints of Italy. Saint Catherine from Siena Silver Medal – The Patron Saints MedalsSt. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. She is also the patron of journalists and media. We seek to make disciples of Christ through living in community, growing in prayer, experiencing the sacraments, and serving our parish and city. St. Catherine of Siena Parish Bay City. Add to Wishlist. She is one of the most influential and popular saints in the Church. At his request she went to Florence (1378) and was there during the Ciompi Revolt in June. In 1939, along with St Francis of Assisi, St Catherine of Siena was proclaimed patron saint of Italy by Pope Pius XII. When the rebellious city of Florence was placed under an interdict by Pope Gregory XI (1376), Catherine determined to take public action for peace within the church and Italy and to encourage a Crusade against the Muslims. Yesterday at 6:02 AM Death: 1380. Her fasting and her devotion to her family, convinced them to relent and allow her to live as she pleased. Our Patron Saint. St. Catherine was born on March 25, 1347, at Siena, Italy, of a large family. The youngest child of a very large family, St. Catherine of Siena was born on March 25, 1347. Birth: 1347. St. Catherine of Siena was a great philosopher and theologian and is considered a Doctor of the Church. Such mystical experiences change people, and St. Catherine was no exception. Home ⁄ About ⁄ Our Patron Saint. by Suzanne Noffke, 1980). This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Saint-Catherine-of-Siena, Eternal Word Television Network - Biography of Saint Catherine of Siena. She became involved in politics, and was key in working to keep city states loyal to the Pope. In January of 1380, her illness accelerated her inability to eat and drink. A Book of Saints for Catholic Moms. Born in 1347, Catherine di Giacomo di Benicasa was the twenty-fourth of twenty-five children. She petitioned for peace and was instrumental in persuading the Pope in Avignon to return to Rome. Catherine herself was a twin, but her sister did not survive infancy. trans. Her parents attempted to resist this move, to avoid marriage, but they were unsuccessful. She’s been named patron saint of nurses. | She died on April 29, following a stroke just a week prior. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). During the time when there were two and three popes each claiming the papacy, Saint Catherine sided with Pope Urban VI. We desire for each of our teens to know they are loved by God, were created for a purpose, and have a home here at Saint Catherine of Siena. At the age of 16, she joined the Dominican Tertiaries. Catherine’s father was Giacomo di Benincasa, a wool dyer. Saint Catherine was beatified in 1524 by Pope Clement VII and canonized on May 22, 1712 by Pope Clement XI. Catherine was the youngest of 25 children born to a lower middle-class family; most of her siblings did not survive childhood. At the age of 16, Catherine’s sister, Bonaventura, died, leaving her husband as a widower. In 1970 Paul VI conferred the title of Doctor of the Universal Church on Catherine and in 1999 she was proclaimed co-patron saint of Europe by Pope John Paul II. Background of a Saint. St. Catherine's feast day is April 29, she is the patroness against fire, illness, the United States, Italy, miscarriages, people ridiculed for their faith, sexual temptation, and nurses. Despite Catherine’s religious nature, she did not choose to enter a convent and instead she joined the Third Order of St. Dominic, which allowed her to associate with a religious society while living at home. Her mummified head is in a reliquary near her thumb in the church of St. Dominic in Siena, while her foot and three of her fingers are holy relics in Venice. She was a pleasant and outgoing child, imaginative and idealistic in her devotion. She never asked permission to give these things away, and she quietly put up with their criticisms. She was also a reformer and political activist, and she was influential in religious and political affairs of the church. These works are so influential that St. Catherine would later be declared a Doctor of the Church. Nurses are putting their health and lives on the line everyday taking care of our sick, injured, and dying. Add To Cart. In Italy two remarkable women, Catherine of Siena in the 14th century and Catherine of Genoa in the 15th, made important contributions to the theory and practice of mysticism. Resisting her parent pressure to marry, Catherine joined Dominican order at age 16. Her activities quickly attracted followers who helped her in her mission to serve the poor and sick. A complete edition of Catherine’s works, together with her biography by Raymond, was published in Siena (1707–21). She was declared a doctor of the church in … Her ministry eventually moved beyond her local community, and Catherine began to travel and promote church reform. PLEASE NOTE:Everyone must wear a mask or face covering to attend. After a short final stay in Siena, during which she completed The Dialogue (begun the previous year), she went to Rome in November, probably at the invitation of Pope Urban VI, whom she helped in reorganizing the church. St. Catherine developed a habit of giving things away and she continually gave away her family’s food and clothing to people in need. Updates? Saint Catherine was a laywoman, associated with the Dominican Order. She was the youngest among the 25 children of Giacomo di Benincasa, a dyer, and Lapa, the daughter of a local poet. St. Catherine of Siena was a Dominican tertiary and mystic who lived in Italy in the 1300s. Let us begin, In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. 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