They were Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras (Kings, Warriors, Artisans, Peasants). They were also known as the priests of the kingdom. The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation in the northwestern regions of South Asia, lasting from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE, and in its mature form from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. Indus civilization, also called Indus valley civilization or Harappan civilization, the earliest known urban culture of the Indian subcontinent. The civilization began to flourish . Indian History for UPSC CSE: Ancient History - Indus Valley Civilisation To Mauryan Empire The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilization (3300–1300 BCE mature period 2600–1900 BCE) located in the western region of South Asia, and spread over what … Harappan civili­ zation. Social Organization of the Indus Valley Civilization The Indus Valley Civilization started around 2500 B.C.E. Perhaps they were more concerned with commerce and they were possibly ruled by a class of merchants.Also, there was an organization like a municipal corporation to look after the civic amenities of the people. What little is known is obtained from two things: Indus script, and archaeology of cities such as Harappa (which gave the civilization its name) and Mohenjodaro. History of the idea. Dr. Jonathan Mark Kenoyer delivers the 23rd Gulestan and Rustom Billimoria Endowment Lecture at the Asiatic Society of Mumbai, Dec. 14, 2020. Scientific and archaeological proofs show the level of scientific and technical achievements of the early civilization. Introduction to Political Life of Indus valley civilization: There is no clear idea of the political organization of the Indus Valley people. A deep exploration of the Indus script and its evolution in the context of Indus civilization and other neighbouring Bronze Age cultures and their writing systems. Below is given a brief account of the social, economic and religious life of the Indus Valley people. LEVELS OF THE CASTE SYSTEM. Next, he briefs completely about the economic life during that period. Indus Valley civilization is also known as ‘Harappan Culture’. Civilization Sources Social Structure. The following facts prove the point: Indus Script: THE INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION. The Indus River Valley's social structure was based on a caste system. Farming settlements began around 4000 BCE and around 3000 BCE there appeared the first signs of urbanization. Introduction: The development made by human beings by establishing residence, housing, road, agriculture, art, education, dress, etc. But the fourth and equally important one, the far more sophisticated Indus Valley Civilization, seems to have been lost to the world. The figurative use of cradle to mean "the place or region in which anything is nurtured or sheltered in its earlier stage" is traced by the Oxford English Dictionary to Spenser (1590). Geographical Extent of Indus Valley Civilization • The Indus Valley Civilization was spread over a very large area which is today a part of Northwestern India and Pakistan. The most powerful group of people in the Indus Valley Civilization were Brahmins. China, Mesopotamia, Egypt have been widely researched and are well known to us all. Indus Valley Civilization is the one of the oldest ancient civilizations of the world.Indus River Valley Civilization was discovered by the archaeologists in the 1920s. The largest city in Mohenjo-Daro, present day Pakistan, with settlements stretched across the river. Social Life: The social life of the Indus people was highly developed. plains of what are now Pakistan and northwestern India. Alandi Ashram. The archaeological excavation during the early 20 th century brought into light an extensive civilization in the Indian subcontinent; The Indus valley civilization represents the first phase of urbanization in India; The most of the Indus valley is situated at the valley of Saraswathi river; The Indus valley is spread across 1400 km northwest and 1600 km east-west This civilization is sometimes called the . The art of handicrafts flourished. Alongside the question of the social organization of the Indus Civilization is a debate over the causes of urbanization. What was everyday life like in the Indus Valley? Evidence of religious practices in this area date back approximately to 5500 BCE. There are other evidences also to give a clear picture of the Indus life. Other seals depict a tree which the Indus Valley believed to be the tree of life. Lastly, Agam sheds light on various important points related to the social life of people during Harappan Civilization. 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